South Sudan will commemorate the 10th Anniversary on Friday, marking July 9th.
Top government officials, UN representatives, and the Civil Society discuss the country’s history since Independence and share their views about building the new nation.
The roundtable forum hold in Juba on Tuesday, July 6th deliberates on Citizenship and National Identity; Human Security; Land and Livelihood; Power and Wealth Sharing; Accountability, and Good Neighbors.
Former Ambassador of South Sudan to the UN Security Council, Francis Mading, said much needs to be done to correct past mistakes.
“People who have emerged from the long struggle, there are sustain aspiration that must be reflected in the constitution, and we should not leave it to legal expert alone.”
Professor Peter Adwok Nyaba, Former Minister of Higher Education, stressed the need for reform and leadership change to rebuild the nation again.
He said the leaders had failed the country due to a lack of political programs, and citizens become a target if they raised their voices.
“We cannot raise our head high, only a few people you see driving the latest model of V8. who can talk”?
Prof. Adwok called the Unity government to implement the peace agreement and make South Sudan return to the rule of law.
“We’re demanding the revitalized transitional government to implement all the provisions in the agreement to enable people to go back to their homes.”
Adwok also criticizes the mindset of taking arms and fight rather than engage peacefully.
“The problem in South Sudan has been a lack of political culture, and it’s easy for us to take up arms and fight but impossible to engage in peaceful demonstrations. This links to the history of being in militarize areas from 1898 until today”.
The Minister of Defense and Veteran Affairs, Angelina Teny, ensures the public of his government’s effort to implement the peace agreement.
Teny said the peace agreement would make the country embark on a democratic system of government, not transitional.
“It’s incumbent upon us to make sure that we get out of transition because transitional only indicate political stability. The agreement is for us to transit from where we are to go for democracy”.
Civil Society group said lack of progress in South Sudan is a setback and betray the vast majority who for the Independence of this nation.
They blame some leaders for blocking the country’s situation to discuss public without fear of being arrest.
Rajab Mohandis, a member of the Civil Society, said there is a need for political will to move the country forward and let the citizens participate in nation-building.
“We must reverse to principles of which we fought so much to liberate ourselves and create South Sudan as a country. We should be having a conversation between the people and the government so that the citizens have voices. We need a government with a clear vision and in tach with citizens of this country,” Rajab said.
The Roundtable discussion on governance and nation-building was organized by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to reflecting the 10th year of the country’s Independence.