South Sudan National Bureau Statistics has launched the 2021 Population Estimation Survey to gather country population data before the general census next year.
Top government officials include the vice president for the economic cluster, Dr. James Wani Igga, and three national ministers who participated in the estimated survey opened on Thursday
National Bureau said previous population and housing census data are “outdated and inaccurate,” missing out on critical areas of effective developmental planning at the local and national levels.
The survey is supported by international partners of the UN and diplomatic core government of Sweden and Ireland, who have contributed $700,000, respectively. UN agencies include WFP, UNAIDS, IOM, and FAO, contributed $200,000.
Population Estimate Surveys were expected to require a budget of more than $3 million. United Nations Fund has raised more than $1 million to be used for capacity strengthening NBS, training, and logistics during exercise.
Accurate data collection shall be done by NBS, UNFPA, and GRIP3 (Geo-Referenced Infrastructure and Demographic Data for Development).
Chairperson for National Bureau Hon. Isaiah Chol revealed South Sudan population and the household first census was conducted in 2008 before independence with a confirmed estimate of 8.26 million people.
Demographic population details verified 4.29 million males and 3.97million females. Today previous data classification challenged people’s projection population mindset of 12 million.
Experts believe population dynamics have changed due to internal and external displacement after war broke out in 2013 and 2016.
According to government strategy, a survey that will commence this month aims to collect faster data at a fraction of an entire national census cost.
The statistical model will use analyze and high-resolution satellite imagery such as locations and geospatial covariates and predict the population in un-sample areas.
The process will allow the government to have clear and inform planning for the forthcoming 2022 and 2023 population and household census.
Dr. Igga further stated the national system for the generation and dissemination of population data and demographic intelligence, including humanitarians, is critical for evidence-based practice.
He added PES would provide effective coordination across government actors, donors and private sector, universities, UN, and NGOs such data collection and processing utilization.
“PES could provide value to building on the geo-referenced census to create a highly detailed gridded population model. These covariates are updated year to year; it is possible to update the model based on the data as well as the new household enumeration data from periodic population surveys,” Igga explained.
UN resident and humanitarian coordinator Mw. Alain Noudehu acknowledging that the survey is vital for the benefit of the South Sudanese people.
Minister of finance Athian Ding Athian says the country has a fertility rate of 6.7% and a growth rate of 2.2% per annum. And 80% population was living in rural areas without access to education, health, clean drinking water, and sanitation.
He says population dynamics aims at investigating demographic processes of birth, deaths, migration, and aging people inhabitants.