South Sudan commemorates the First Anniversary of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity on Monday. Last year, a power-sharing government was formed on February 22.
The Five Vice Presidents appointed under the term of peace agreement parties signed in September 2018. The President also relieves all ministers and advisors of his Government and set up new cabinets comprised of all parties to the deal
The Opposition leader Dr. Riek Machar has sworn into office as First Vice President, a position he lost in 2016 following the violence that erupted in Juba.
Other vice presidents include Dr. James Wani Igga, Taban Deng Gai, Rebecca Nyandeng, and Hussein Abdelbagi Akol, were also take oaths on that day.
Today [Monday, February 22] marks the first anniversary of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity’s formation, described as a significant step toward restoring peace in South Sudan. Since the Government was partially formed, the parties have been known of a slow process to implement the agreement. There still no parliament reconstituted, forces not yet graduates as plans and States government formation have just started over the weekend with Central Equatoria.
The Troika countries include United States, UK, and Norway, welcomes all efforts by the RTGoNU in implementing the Revitalized Agreement.
In the statement three western countries issued, much work is needed to complete a Unity government formation.
“Much work remains, and there is an urgent need to implement R-ARCSS in full. Progress made over the past year has been too slow and too limited. Critically important is the immediate formation of State Governments and the Transitional National Legislative Assembly and Council of States’ re-constitution.”
“Implementation of Transitional Security Arrangements and real security sector reform should commence immediately. The Troika endorses and reiterates the call made by the African Union and Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Ambassadors to improve conditions in training centers and accelerate the graduation and deployment of the Necessary Unified Forces.
“We will continue to work closely with IGAD and the regional guarantors to reach common objectives on the peace process and an agreed roadmap for implementation” Troika Stated.
The Troika members state further called for the establishment of a Hybrid Court. The Court is to trial those accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity during the conflict.
“The Troika further welcomes the endorsement by the Council of Ministers on January 28 of a roadmap for implementing Chapter 5, including the establishment of the Hybrid Court for South Sudan; the Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing; and the Compensation and Reparations Authority”.
The Troika called for the commencement of the permanent constitution-making process and preparations for peaceful, credible, and inclusive post-transitional elections. They are also concerned about the reports of defection from one party to the other.
The diplomats stated that violence is not acceptable and parties must restore peacefully include engaging a holdout group through the Rome peace process.
“While the national ceasefire has generally held, the level of violence across the country, including conflict caused by defections, is unacceptable. We urge all parties to the Rome process to ensure adherence to the Cessation of Hostilities and pursue political dialogue”.
Government spokesperson and Information Minister Michael Makuei accused International Community of being a double agent on the peace process in South Sudan. He said the diplomats should work hard so that the armed embargo imposed on South Sudan is reverse which he described as a factor delay graduation of Unify forces.
“Those who are concerning are the very people who are obstructing the implementation of the peace agreement. Those diplomats wrote reports to the security council on the passed armed embargo. If they are a concern, they are supposed to work hard so that the resolution of the armed embargo is reverse, but these are people who are out to complicate issues for South Sudan.”
The UN arms embargo on South Sudan was instituted on July 13, 2018, to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale, or transfer of arms and related material – including ammunition, military vehicles, and spare parts entering South Sudan.